Reporting Results

Guidance on presenting the results of your statistical analysis are provided below.

The Results section of your paper should only be used to report, not interpret, your findings. The Discussion section is where the interpretation and implications of your findings are presented.

The American Psychological Association (APA) style guide is most commonly used within the social sciences. Read more at and


Best Practices for Reporting

1. Summarize succinctly.

The Results section is the shortest and most condensed section in a manuscript or thesis/dissertation, typically 1-2 pages. Present each of your variables in separate subsections, writing a brief summary for each.

2. Keep the 'Results' and 'Discussion' sections separate.

Statistical results are presented but are not discussed in the Results section. Reserve your interpretation for the Discussion section.

3. Provide the results separately for each hypotheses.

The results section should describe how your data supports or refutes each hypothesis.

4. Include tables and figures.

Using tables and figures is a great way to summarize your results. Include descriptive statistics (such as means and standard deviations) and/or the results of any inferential statistics (test statistic, degrees of freedom, confidence intervals, and the p-value).

5. Be careful when drawing conclusions.

Draw appropriate conclusions from your findings. Do not overstate the importance of results and limit your conclusions to the population that is actually represented by your study.